Endometriosis is a disease that affects about 10% of all women. Using the basic definition, endometriosis is an inflammation of the lining of the uterus.

However,  a better way to describe endometriosis is that it occurs when tissue that lines the uterus is attached and grows somewhere outside of the uterus. Typically women that have endometriosis had this tissue growing the areas around the uterus such as bowel, bladder, and sometimes even ovaries.

Unfortunately, the cause of endometriosis is not known. It is thought to be caused by a dysfunction of the immune system or retrograde menstrual flow. it is known that endometriosis familial meaning that if your mother or sister had endometriosis your chances of developing it’s higher.

Below are the top 9 signs of endometriosis.

    1. Heavy periods
    2. Pain in the abdomen, back, or pellet
    3. Infertility
    4. Fatigue
    5. Body between period
    6. Pain during sex
    7. Nausea
    8. Infertility
    9. None

When a physician expects one to have endometriosis the first diagnostic test ordered is usually an ultrasound, as this is the least invasive method. A MRI may also be ordered to help diagnose endometriosis. I

n more severe cases or in cases where the physician needs to take a more direct look laparoscopic surgery may be needed.

Unfortunately, there is no cure for endometriosis. 

The focus of treatment is to treat the symptoms and therefore treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms. Treatment can include pain management medication, hormone therapy, infertility treatments, and ablation. In the worst cases, hysterectomy is needed.

For more information, check out the other sources below.

The information in this article is to be used for informational purposes only. It is NOT to be used in place of, or in conjunction with, professional medical advice. Anyone with questions regarding this or other medical issues discussed on this site must consult their physician for further information and treatment.

Compiled using sources from:

American Society for Reproductive Medicine
Endometriosis Association
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologist