Many people have never heard of this disease of the eye, so here is some information to help.

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What is AMD?

AMD or Age-Related Macular Degeneration is a progressive disease that affects the eye; specifically the macula. The macula is the central part of the eye.

AMD is the leading cause of blindness for people over 65. Over 2 million Americans have AMD.

It is imperative that everyone have regular vision exams, including dilation. It is also important to keep an open dialogue with your eye doctor or physician. Notify your care team if there are any changes in your vision right away.

What Are the Symptoms of AMD?

Symptoms of AMD include:

    • Blurry vision
    • Wavy vision
    • Change in how you see colors (brighter or dimmer)
  • Loss of vision in the center of the eye

What are the Causes of AMD?

The most cause of AMD is:

  • Age

What are the Risk Factors for AMD?

The risk factors of AMD include:

    • Smoking
    • Over 60 years old
    • Family history of AMD
    • White race
    • Heart disease
    • Diabetic retinopathy
    • Cataracts
  • Glaucoma

How Is AMD treated?

There is no cure for AMD. If caught early, steps can be taken to help slow its progression.AMD

Living With AMD

A few steps should be taken when living with AMD to prevent worsening of the condition, such as:

    • Make routine visits to your eye doctor
    • Notify your ophthalmologist of any changes in vision
    • Ensure proper lighting in your environment
    • Smoking cessation
    • Protect your eyes from the damaging UV rays of the sun
    • Maintain a healthy lifestyle by eating well and exercising
    • Monitor and treat hypertension
  • Seek a support group

What Is The Outlook For People With AMD?

Although there is no cure for AMD, new treatments are on the horizon. For people with advanced AMD affecting both eyes, an implanted telescopic lens can be inserted into the eye to help increase your area of vision.

The MayoClinic provides this service as well as “Low vision rehabilitation” to help people adjust to living with AMD.

Literature also mentions new research on the horizon with the hope of treating the disease with injection gene therapy.


The information in this article is to be used for informational purposes only. It is NOT to be used in place of, or in conjunction with, professional medical advice. Anyone with questions regarding this or other medical issues discussed on this site must consult their physician for further information and treatment.


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